## Low Pressure for Consistency and Safety

Welcome to All Sensors “Put the Pressure on Us” blog. This blog brings out pressure sensor aspects in a variety of applications inspired by headlines, consumer and industry requirements, market research, government activities, and you.

Low Pressure for Consistency and Safety

A liquid propane (LP) powered portable heater can make an enclosed space tolerable and even comfortable when the outdoor temperatures are low. Many systems use pressures in the range of 10 to 20 psi. However, these pressures can reduce the unit’s BTU output as the temperature drops. In contrast, a low-pressure portable heater system such as Dyna-Glo’s Delux 60,000-BTU Portable Forced Air Propane Heater can consistently achieve maximum BTU outputs, even in extremely cold environments. Operating at only 0.5 psi, the unit is also safer. Since the operating pressure is determined by design and not measured during operation, it does not have a pressure sensor. However, in the design verification or quality control processes, a pressure sensor such as All Sensors SPM 401 Series media isolated sensor could be used by manufacturers that make low pressure heaters as well as those that make high pressure heaters.

Image courtesy of GHP Group, Inc.

Do you have a pressure sensing question? Let us know and we’ll address it in an upcoming blog.
Email us at info@allsensors.com

## Water Pistol Pressure

Welcome to All Sensors “Put the Pressure on Us” blog. This blog brings out pressure sensor aspects in a variety of applications inspired by headlines, consumer and industry requirements, market research, government activities, and you.

Water Pistol Pressure

Q. How do you elevate the basic water pistol experience?

A. By giving it more pressure.

Operating similar to the opposite of a hydraulic jack, a common water pistol employs Pascal’s Principle for a fluid at rest in a closed container: a pressure change in one part is transmitted without loss to every portion of the fluid and to the walls of the container. In equation form, it’s:

P1=F1/A1=P2=F2/A2

For the pressure to remain constant, if A1=n*A2, then F1=n*F2.

To take the water pistol to the next level, NASA engineer Lonnie Johnson conceived of the idea of a pressurized water gun with a pressure reservoir that became the Super Soaker. The ultimate Super Soaker used a constant pressure system (CPS) with a separate compression chamber that contained a thick-walled rubber balloon.

While the difference in the length and amount of the output (flow) of a standard water pistol vs. the Super Soaker vs. the CPS 2000 Mark1 Super Soaker is discussed in several blogs, the pressure in each is not. Those interested in pressure will just have to make their own measurements. All Sensors’ SPM 401 Series or CPM 602 Series pressure sensors with media isolation could provide those measurements.